Gender Equality and Work-life Balance in the Digital Era: A Bibliometric Analysis




gender equality; work-life; bibliometric analysis, digitalization, opportunities, career, women empowerment, flexibility.


The impact of digitalisation on work-life balance stemming from flexible working arrangements, which have blurred the boundaries between one’s profession and personal space, has heightened in the face of modern technological advancements. Unlike males, females are the most disadvantaged when it comes to gender norms and formulation of institutional policies as most of the existing policies have been clearly oriented on men as compared to women. The study aims to conduct a bibliometric analysis of the relationship among evidence regarding gender equality and work-life balance in the era of digitalisation. VOSviewer is used to present data obtained from the Scopus database. Articles retrieved were critically appraised and presented in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) flowchart. The study finds that the number of publications on the topic of gender equality, work-life balance, and digitalisation has seen a steady increase (47 in 2023 from 4 in 2017). The West and Europe dominate when it comes to contributions made to publications on digitalisation, gender equality, and work-life balance, only one paper is from South Africa and there are no publications contributed from Ghana. The study further reveals that though Germany has the highest number of publications, the United Kingdom and the United States have the highest collaboration and impact (citations). This indicates the gap in literature requiring empirical research on the effect of digitalisation on gender equality and work-life balance in the Ghanaian and developing countries context.


Download data is not yet available.


Rubiano-Matulevich, E., & Viollaz, M. (2019). Gender Differences in Time Use: Allocating Time between the Market and the Household. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, 8981.

ILO. (2020). An Employers’ Guide on Working from Home in Response to the Outbreak of COVID-19. International Labour Organization; Geneva, Switzerland.

Lamolla, L., & González Ramos, A.M. (2020). Tick-tock sounds different for women working in IT areas. Community Work Fam, 23, 125–140.

Churiyah, M., Sholikhan, S., & Filianti, F. (2022). Mobile Learning Uses in Vocational High School: A Bibliometric Analysis. World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues, 14(2), 484-497.

Acker, J. (2006). Inequality regimes: Gender, class, and race in organizations. Gender & Society, 20(4), 441-464.

Beauregard, T. A., & Henry, L. C. (2009). Making the link between work-life balance practices and organizational performance. Human resource management review, 19(1),9-22.

Van Eck, N. J., & Waltman, L. (2014). Visualizing bibliometric networks. In Measuring scholarly impact: Methods and practice (pp. 285-320). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Kalliath, T., & Brough, P. (2008). Work–life balance: A review of the meaning of the balance construct. Journal of management & organization, 14(3), 323-327.

Kwilinski, A., Lyulyov, O., Pimonenko, T., & Pudryk, D. (2024). Competitiveness of Higher Education Systems: Exploring the Role of Migration Flow. Journal of Infrastructure, Policy and Development, 8(2), 2839.

Szczepańska-Woszczyna, K., & Gatnar, S. (2022). Key Competences of Research and Development Project Managers in High Technology Sector. Forum Scientiae Oeconomia, 10(3), 107-130.

Pudryk, D., Kwilinski, A., Lyulyov, O., & Pimonenko, T. (2023). Towards Achieving Sustainable Development: Interactions between Migration and Education. Forum Scientiae Oeconomia, 11(1), 113–132.

Krejci, P., Sebestova, J. (2019). Innovative literacy levels: gender, age and education matters. Marketing and Management of Innovations, 4, 353-363.

Starchenko, L (2020). Impact of gender aspects of sustainable entrepreneurship on country innovative development. Marketing and Management of Innovations, 4, 304-311.

Lyness, K. S., & Judiesch, M. K. (2014). Gender egalitarianism and work–life balance for managers: Multisource perspectives in 36 countries. Applied Psychology, 63(1), 96–129.

Ziabina, Y., Kwilinski, A., Lyulyov, O., Pimonenko, T., & Us, Y. (2023). Convergence of energy policies between the EU and Ukraine under the green deal policy. Energies, 16(2), 998.

Chygryn, O., Pimonenko, T., Luylyov, O., & Goncharova, A. (2019). Green bonds like the incentive instrument for cleaner production at the government and corporate levels: Experience from EU to Ukraine. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 9(7), 1443-1456.

Us, Y., Pimonenko, T., & Lyulyov, O. (2021). The impact of energy efficiency policy on Ukraine’s green brand: A bibliometrics analysis. Polityka Energetyczna-Energy Policy Journal, 5-18.

Panchenko, O., Domashenko, M., Lyulyov, O., Dalevska, N., Pimonenko, T., & Letunovska, N. (2021). Objectivation of the Ecological and Economic Losses from Solid Domestic Waste at the Heating Enterprises. Management Systems in Production Engineering, 29(3), 235-241.

Szczepańska-Woszczyna, K., Gedvilaitė, D., Nazarko, J., Stasiukynas, A., & Rubina, A. (2022). Assessment of Economic Convergence among Countries in the European Union. Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 28(5), 1572-1588.

Hussain, H.I., Haseeb, M., Kamarudin, F., Dacko-Pikiewicz, Z., & Szczepańska-Woszczyna, K. (2021). The role of globalization, economic growth and natural resources on the ecological footprint in Thailand: Evidence from nonlinear causal estimations. Processes, 9(7), 1103.

Kwilinski, A. (2023). E-Commerce and Sustainable Development in the European Union: A Comprehensive Analysis of SDG2, SDG12, and SDG13. Forum Scientiae Oeconomia, 11(3), 87-107.

Zouaoui, R., & Hamdi, R. (2024). The Impact of Online Advertising on Store Visiting: Saudi Arabia. Marketing and Management of Innovations, 15(1), 56–66.

Moskalenko, B., Lyulyov, O., & Pimonenko, T. (2022). The investment attractiveness of countries: coupling between core dimensions. Forum Scientiae Oeconomia, 10(2), 153-172.

Dacko-Pikiewicz, Z. (2019). Building a family business brand in the context of the concept of stakeholder-oriented value. Forum Scientiae Oeconomia, 7(2), 37-51.

Veckalne, R., & Tambovceva, T (2023). The Importance of Gender Equality in Promoting Entrepreneurship and Innovation Marketing and Management of Innovations, 1, 158-168.

Kwilinski, A., Lyulyov, O., & Pimonenko, T. (2024). Reducing Transport Sector CO2 Emissions Patterns: Environmental Technologies and Renewable Energy. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, 10(1), 100217.

Kwilinski, A., Rebilas, R., Lazarenko, D., Stezhko, N., & Dzwigol, H. (2023). The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Evolution of Investment Markets in Central and Eastern Europe. Forum Scientiae Oeconomia, 11(4), 157-186.

Lyulyov, O., Pimonenko, T., Chen, Y., & Kwilinski, A. (2023). Macroeconomic Stability of the Country: The Nexus of Institutional and Behavioural Dimensions. Economics & Sociology, 16(4), 264-288.

Mayya, S. S., Martis, M., Ashok, L., Monteiro, A. D., & Mayya, S. (2021). Work-Life Balance and Gender Differences: A Study of College and University Teachers from Karnataka. SAGE Open, 11(4), 1–11.

Mizushima, I. (2017). Promoting Gender Equality in Japan: An Examination of Labor Law. Osaka University Law Review, 64, 161–166.

Noppe, I., C. (2009). Gender role development the development of sex and gender.

Brighouse, H., & Olin Wright, E. (2008). Strong gender egalitarianism. Politics and Society, 36(3), 360-372.

Britton, D. M. (2000). The epistemology of the gendered organization. Gender and Society, 14, 418–34.

Bishop, J. W., Scott, K. D., & Burroughs, S. M. (2000). Support, commitment, and employee outcomes in a team environment. Journal of Management, 26(6), 1113–1132.

Brooks, C., & Bolzendahl, C. (2004). The transformation of US gender role attitudes: Cohort replacement, social-structural change, and ideological learning. Social Science Research, 33(1), 106–133.

Thomas, L.T., & Ganster, D.C. (1995). Impact of family-supportive work variables on work-family conflict and strain: A control perspective. Journal of Applied Psychology, 80(1), 6–15.

Gornick, J. C., & Meyers, M. K. (2009). Institutions that support gender equality in parenthood and employment. Gender equality: Transforming family divisions of labor, 3–64.

USAID. (2012). USAID Gender Equality and Female Empowerment Policy. Washington, DC.

Greenhaus, J. H. (2002). Work-family conflict. Journal of The Academy of Management Review, 45, 1–9.

Walby S. Walby, S. (2020). Varieties of gender regimes. Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society, 27(3), 414-431.

Pantouw, D. G., Tatimu, V., & Rumawas, W. (2022). Pengaruh stres kerja dan worklife balance terhadap turnover intention karyawan PT. Mahagatra Sinar Karya Manado. Productivity, 3(1), 18–23.

Mensah, A., & Adjei, N. K. (2020). Work-life balance and self-reported health among working adults in Europe: a gender and welfare state regime comparative analysis. BMC Public Health, 20(1), 1–14.

Canonico, E. (2016). Putting the work-life interface into a temporal context: an empirical study of work-life balance by life stage and the consequences of homeworking (Doctoral dissertation, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)).

Chipunza, L. L. C. (2009). What men say, how women say: an exploration of the interactional mechanisms at play in management meetings (Doctoral dissertation).

Connell, R. W. (2014). Gender and power: Society, the person and sexual politics. John Wiley & Sons.

Brough, P., O’Driscoll, M.P., & Biggs, A. (2009). Parental leave and work‐family balance among employed parents following childbirth: An exploratory investigation in Australia and New Zealand. Kōtuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 4, 71–87.

Felstead, A., Jewson, N., Phizacklea, A., & Walters, S. (2002). Opportunities to work at home in the context of work‐life balance. Human resource management journal, 12(1), 54–76.

Fisher, M. (2012). Why French women have so little equality, a story in charts.

Franco, L. S., Picinin, C. T., Pilatti, L. A., & Franco, A. C. (2021). Work-life balance in Higher Education: a systematic review of the impact on the well-being of teachers. Ensaio: Avaliação e Políticas Públicas em Educação, 29, 691–717.

Lockwood, N. R. (2003). Work/life balance: Challenges and solutions. Benefits Quarterly, 19(4), 94.

Sunderland, J. (2006). Language and gender: An advanced resource book. New York: Routledge.

Pampel, F. (2011). Cohort change, diffusion, and support for gender egalitarianism in cross-national perspective. Demographic Research, 25, 667.

Parker, S. K. (2003). Longitudinal effects of lean production on employee outcomes and the mediating role of work characteristics. Journal of applied psychology, 88(4), 620.

Abendroth, A. K., & Den Dulk, L. (2011). Support for the work-life balance in Europe: The impact of state, workplace and family support on work-life balance satisfaction. Work, employment and society, 25(2), 234–256.

Best, S., & Chinta, R. (2021). Work–life balance and life satisfaction among the self-employed. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development.

Solanki, S., & Mandaviya, M. (2021). Does Gender Matter? Job Stress, Work-Life Balance, Health and Job Satisfaction among University Teachers in India. Journal of International Women's Studies, 22(7), 121–134.

Rodríguez-Modroño, P., & López-Igual, P. (2021). Job Quality and Work-Life Balance of Teleworkers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(6), 3239

Snyder, I., Johnson, K., & Kozimor-King, M. L. (2021). Work–life balance in media newsrooms. Journalism, 22(8), 2001–2018.

Waltman, L., van Eck, N.J., van Leeuwen, T.N., & Visser, M.S. (2013). Some modifications to the SNIP journal impact indicator. Journal of Informetrics, 7(2), 272–285,

UNDP (2016). Africa Human Development Report 2016: Accelerating Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Africa. New York, USA.

UNESCO. (2017). UNESCO and gender equality in sub-Saharan Africa: Innovative programmes, visible results. UNESCO: Paris, France.

Tausig, M., & Fenwick, R. (2001). Unbinding time: Alternate work schedules and work-life balance. Journal of family and economic issues, 22(2), 101–119.

Wilkins, A. C. (2004). So Full of Myself as a Chick Goth Women, Sexual Independence, and Gender Egalitarianism. Gender and Society, 18(3), 328–349.

Htun, M. (2004). Is gender like ethnicity? The political representation of identity groups. Perspectives on Politics, 2(3), 439–458.

García-De-Diego J.M., & García-Faroldi L. (2021). Sexual Division in Parenting: A Normative Context That Hinders Co-Responsibility. Journal of Family Issues, 43(11), 2888-2909.

Fahimnia, B., Sarkis, J., & Davarzani, H. (2015). Green supply chain management: A review and bibliometric analysis. International Journal of Production Economics, 162, 101–114.

Tranfield, D., Denyer, D., & Smart, P. (2003). Towards a Methodology for Developing Evidence-Informed Management Knowledge by Means of Systematic Review. British Journal of Management, 14(3), 207–222.

Van Eck, N. J., & Waltman, L. (2010). Software survey: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping. Scientometrics, 84(2), 523–538.




How to Cite

Owusu, E. K. O. (2024). Gender Equality and Work-life Balance in the Digital Era: A Bibliometric Analysis. Virtual Economics, 7(1), 66–81.